Families Facing the Future
Summary | Outcomes | Curriculum | Order Form
Summary of Findings
Finding One: Children of recipients of methadone treatment displayed higher levels of problem behavior than similarly aged children in a general population sample and differ in patterns of socialization (Catalano, Haggerty & Gainey, in press; Gainey, Catalano, Haggerty & Hoppe, 1997; Fleming, Brewer, Gainey, Haggerty & Catalano, 1997; Hoppe, Wells, Haggerty, Simpson, Gainey & Catalano, 1998).
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The Families Facing the Future research program was developed for parents receiving methadone treatment and for their children. The primary goals of the project were to reduce parents' use of illegal drugs and to reduce risk factors for their children's future drug use while enhancing protective factors. This summary provides a listing of publications from the intervention, and a summary of the intervention. Five key findings from the project are listed below.
Finding Two: Parents in methadone treatment can successfully be engaged and will participate in intensive family interventions (Gainey, Catalano, Haggerty & Hoppe, 1997).
Finding Three: Families Facing the Future, the risk and protective-focused intervention, increased parent relapse prevention skills, self efficacy and had important effects on reducing parents' drug use, domestic conflict, and increasing the number of family rules (Catalano, Gainey, Fleming, Haggerty & Johnson, 1999; Catalano, Haggerty, Gainey & Hoppe, 1997).
Finding Four: Children reported less involvement in drug use and other problem behaviors at the 24 month follow-up, at a trend level of significance. (Bry, Catalano, Kumpfer, Lochman & Szapocznik, 1998).
Finding Five: A meta-analysis of 69 published studies on predictors of continued drug use among opiate users finds 10 variables show statistically significant and longitudinally predictive relationships (average r >.1) with continued use, including: high level of pretreatment opiate/drug use, prior treatment for opiate addiction, no prior abstinence from opiates, abstinence from/light use of alcohol, depression, high stress, unemployment/employment problems, association with substance abusing peers, short length of treatment, and leaving treatment prior to completion (Brewer, Catalano, Haggerty, Gainey & Fleming, 1998).
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